Xavier, Saint Francis

(1506-1551)
   Jesuit missionary and preacher in Asia, known as the "Apostle of the Indies" and the "Apostle of Japan," one of the most prominent and admired saints in the Catholic tradition. Born a Basque in Navarre, Spain, Xavier studied at the University of Paris and became one of the first Jesuits following his friendship and association with St. Ignatius Loyola.
   He became a Jesuit in Italy and, in 1540, was named by the pope Apostolic Nuncio to the East. After an arduous 13-month journey, he reached Goa, Portuguese India, which became the base for his personal preaching and conversion crusade in Asia. He spread the Gospel and converted thousands in India, Malaysia, Malacca, and Japan during a full decade of tireless effort. Prematurely, he died exhausted in China on the eve of an effort to preach in that kingdom. He was buried in Goa, India, in 1551; his body remained in an incorrupt state for a long period and his grave became an important Catholic shrine and center of devotion. In 1622, he was canonized by Pope Gregory XV, and Pope Pius XI declared him patron saint of all foreign missions.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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  • Xavier, Saint Francis — • Biographical article on one of the first Jesuits, and missionary to Asia, who died in 1552 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Xavier, Saint Francis — born April 7, 1506, Xavier Castle, near Sangüesa, Navarre died Dec. 3, 1552, Sancian Island, China; canonized March 12, 1622; feast day December 3 Spanish born French missionary to the Far East. Born into a noble Basque family, he was educated at …   Universalium

  • Xavier,Saint Francis — Xa·vi·er (zāʹvē ər, zăvʹē ), Saint Francis. 1506 1552. Spanish Jesuit missionary. A cofounder of the Jesuit order (1534) with Ignatius of Loyola, he established missionaries in Japan, Ceylon, and the East Indies. * * * …   Universalium

  • Francis Xavier,Saint — Francis Xa·vi·er (zāʹvē ər, zăvʹē ), Saint. See Xavier, Saint Francis. * * * …   Universalium

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  • Saint Francis Xavier Church, Dublin — Saint Francis Xavier Church, popularly known as Gardiner Street Church , is a Roman Catholic Church on Upper Gardiner Street. The first stone was laid in 1829, the year of the Catholic Relief Act, and the church opened in 1832.The church is run… …   Wikipedia

  • Francis Xavier, Saint — • Biographical article on one of the first Jesuits, and missionary to Asia, who died in 1552 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

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